And that means a bumper crop of yellowjacket queens this spring, with each one starting a new nest.
Yellowjackets spend winter by hunkering down in sheltered locations like underground holes, tree cavities, piles of debris or firewood, or inside attics, wall voids or crawl spaces. During this period of hibernation, their metabolism slows and they exist off stored body fat until outdoor temperatures rise and they become active again.
But that doesn’t mean it’s killed off the yellowjackets.
“Ironically, a mild winter and early spring can be more deadly to insects than a long, cold winter,” explains Dr. Qing-He Zhang, Director of Research & Development for RESCUE!.
During a mild winter, yellowjackets can become ‘seasonally confused’ and emerge from hibernation too early – which is not ideal for their survival. Consistent cold winter temperatures are better for them, as opposed to a frequent freeze-thaw cycle. The latter can make yellowjackets vulnerable to harsh conditions once the weather goes from a thaw back to a freeze.
A heavy snow cover actually provides good insulation to keep yellowjackets and other insects comfortable and sleeping soundly until it’s time to emerge from hibernation.
The biggest determining factor in the yellowjacket population is the onset of spring temperatures. Early warm and dry weather in spring helps the yellowjacket queens get established faster.
Daytime temperatures need to reach close to 65-70 degrees consistently for the queens to begin waking up from hibernation. Once they start flying, they will seek out a new nest site and begin construction.
So don’t let this severe winter lull you into a false sense of security about bugs – especially yellowjackets.
It’s more important than ever to use RESCUE! Yellowjacket Traps to catch the queens in spring. Each queen captured means one less nest of yellowjackets to torment you later on this summer!