Hornets are the largest of the social wasps.
European hornets are found throughout Europe, Russia, North America and Northeast Asia.
Hornets can often be found feeding on the sap of oak trees, rotting sweet fruits, honey and any foods containing sugar.
Hornets prefer hot, dry weather conditions. Overwintering queen hornets are the only members of the colony that survive winter.
Hornets aggressively guard their nesting sites when threatened. Hornet stings are more painful to humans than typical wasp stings because of the neurotransmitter chemical in their venom .
Hornets make aerial nests rather than subterranean nests.